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Diagnostic Services Frequently asked Questions
1. What is a 'precancerous lesion'?
A precancerous lesion is a generalized state associated with a significantly increased risk of cancer. If left untreated, these conditions may lead to cancer. It is a morphologically altered tissue in which cancer is more likely to occur than its apparently normal counterpart.

2. What are some of the important precancerous lesions?
a. Whitish patch in mouth (Leukoplakia).
b. Bright red velvety patches in mouth (Erythroplakia).
c. Inability to open mouth (Oral submucous fibrosis).
d. Dark coloured moles in skin which itch or bleed.
e. Polyps in large intestine.
f. Reflux Esophagitis leading to Barret's Oesophagus.
These should alarm both, the patient and the physician.

3. If my doctor tells me, I have a precancerous lesion, do I have cancer?
No. But there is a high potential that it may develop into cancer. Hence, it should be carefully monitored regularly by an Oncologist.

4. Can a person suffering from tuberculosis have cancer?
Yes, a person suffering from tuberculosis can have cancer. The presence of tuberculosis or any other disease gives no assurance that cancer will not develop.

5. Is cancer and leprosy related?
No. Leprosy is caused by bacteria (germ). Both, the symptoms and treatment of two diseases are entirely different.

6. Can immunity to cancer be acquired like diphtheria or typhoid fever?
Immunity is only possible in diseases caused by germs. As cancer is not caused by germs, immunity cannot be developed against it. But scientists are exploring possibilities of vaccine for cancer.

7. Why don't the white corpuscles in blood kill cancer?
The chief function of white blood corpuscles in the body is to protect against bacteria or germs. They kill germs and combat infection. Current research is to promote such activity by certain kinds of white blood corpuscles.

8. Why do many people wait before consulting a physician?
a. Primarily because of fear.
b. Ignorance of the signs of cancer and lack of knowledge about the importance of early treatment are another reason.
c. In India, the social stigma of having cancer is one of the reasons people wait indefinitely before getting check-ups.

9. Isn't it better to search for a cure?
For many people, cancer research is all about the hunt for a cure. More people are surviving cancer than ever before and better treatments will undoubtedly save more lives in the future.

10. Is prevention a guarantee?
Preventive cancer does not work in the same way as preventing infectious diseases like injecting vaccines. Healthy living is not a cast-iron guarantee against cancer. Instead, it reduces the risk of the disease- it heavily stacks the odds in our favour.