General Medicine: encompasses many diseases affecting the body, whose primary treatment does not involve surgery. It covers all medical conditions either chronic or acute.
This may include conditions that affect the cardiovascular system, the respiratory system, the gastrointestinal system, the neurological system, the haematological system or the endocrine system. Examples of conditions:
• Cardiovascular system
• Hypertension (high blood pressure)
• Ischaemic heart disease (angina, heart attack)
• Respiratory system
• Emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
• Lung fibrosis
• Gastrointestinal system
• Liver disease including alcoholic lever disease
• Neurological system
• Cerebrovascular accident (strokes)
• Epilepsy (seizures)
• Thyroid disease
• Pituitary disease
Respiratory medicine involves the care of patients with all forms of respiratory disease. The specialty is interesting, wide and diverse. Respiratory specialists deal with over 30 different conditions, some very common and some rare. At Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital care is given by multidisciplinary respiratory teams involving doctors, specialist respiratory nurses, community respiratory teams, respiratory physiotherapists and specialist respiratory technicians as well as other medical staff.
General and Upper GI surgery
Upper GI surgery refers to a practise of surgery that focuses on the upper parts of the gastrointestinal tract. There are many operations relevant to the upper gastrointestinal tracts that are best done only by those who keep constant practise, owing to their complexity. At Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital upper GI surgeons exclusively perform, the following operations:
• Liver resection
Otolaryngology is the surgical specialty of the head and neck â€“ or ear, nose and throat (ENT). Head and neck surgeons at Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital treat adults and children who are experiencing acute or chronic head and neck problems, including:
• Hearing and balance disorders
• Ear disorders and diseases
• Head and neck tumors and cancer
• Sinus and nasal dysfunction
• Swallowing and voice disorders
• Pediatric ENT
• Facial nerve disorders
• Head and neck trauma
• Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery
The Head and Neck Surgery team provides advanced diagnostic testing and leading-edge medical and surgical treatment for the full scope of head and neck conditions
Modern surgery has developed to such an extent that the body of knowledge and technical skills required have led to surgeons specialising in particular areas, usually an anatomical area of the body or occasionally in a particular technique or type of patient. There are ten surgical specialties and this briefing covers otolaryngology, or ears, nose and throat (ENT) surgery.
At Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital our Otolaryngologists (commonly referred to as ENT surgeons) deal with the diagnosis, evaluation and management of diseases of head and neck and principally the ears, nose and throat. One of the key areas of concern for ENT surgeons are helping patients cope with or recover from diseases that impair the senses of hearing and balance. They are also concerned with the functional aspects of breathing, eating and speech. ENT surgeons also deal with cancers in this region of the body.
Neuroloy and Neurosurgery
Neurology is a branch of Medicine which deals with disorders of the brain, spinal cord and nerves. All diseases which affect the brain and nervous system come under the preview of Neurology. Neurologist or Neurophysicians are trained to identify such cases. Symptoms of neurological diseases can range from headache, alteration in consciousness, dizziness, spinning sensation, double vision, paralysis or weakness of face, or limbs, numbness and tingling, imbalance, stiffness of limbs, abnormal movements, tremors,jerks, convulsions etc. Common disorders include stroke, brain hemorrhage, Parkinsonâ€™s disease, multiple sclerosis, migraine, meningitis, encephalitis, epilepsy, peripheral neuropathies, spinal cord disorders etc.
Neurosurgery or Neurological surgery is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of conditions, illnesses and injuries involving the nervous system and its support structures. Intervention by a Neurosurgeon can be surgical but is most often non-surgical and is determined by the condition or injury as well as the general health of the person. Such problems may be the result of abnormal development from birth (congenital), from aging or â€œwear and tearâ€ (degenerative), traumatic from a definite injury, infectious, neoplastic from a tumor or it may be related to other medical conditions or disease.
Our team of neurologist and neurosurgeons work closely together to diagnose and treat neurological diseases.
Vascular Surgery deals with diseases of all the blood vessels of the body, except for those inside the skull (Neurosurgery) and those of the heart (Cardiac Surgery). A vascular surgeon commonly deals with diseases of the arteries and veins. Today science and technology has advanced to a stage where there are treatment modalities available to prevent amputation and save many limbs. Just as angioplasty is possible to remove the blockages in the blood vessels of the heart and avoid bypass surgery, similarly angioplasty can be done for vessels going to the hands and legs and even to the brain. This is popularly known as â€œkey-holeâ€ surgery or minimally-invasive surgery or Endovascular Surgery. A vascular surgeon is trained in both open surgery and so-called â€œkey holeâ€ surgery (endovascular), so they are able to offer a better perspective on which treatment modality or combination is best suited for a particular patient. Our highly accomplished team offers solutions for all kinds of vascular problems.
Orthopaedics is the branch of surgery which deals with any injury or damage to the bone, joint, ligament, muscle or tendon. The department of Trauma & Orthopaedics at Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital specialize in:
• Complex trauma and Limb/deformity reconstruction
• Joint replacement/ resurfacing (partial and total) and Joint preservation
• Advanced Arthroscopy (Knee, Shoulder, Elbow, ankle, hip, elbow, wrist)
• Ligament reconstruction and Sports medicine
• Arthritis including Rheumatoid and other inflammatory arthritis
• Bone cancer
• Hand and foot/ankle surgery
• Pediatric Orthopaedics.
The Department of at Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital deals with diseases of the kidneys. Kidney diseases include medical and surgical problems, of which medical issues are dealt with Nephrology and surgery is managed by Urology. A partial or complete loss of kidney function or acute failure causes reduced urine output and blood chemical imbalance, including uremia. This could result from diabetes mellitus, hypertension, urinary tract blockage, urinary tract stones, different types of â€˜glomerulonephritisâ€™, certain genetic diseases, and also from unrelated causes like drugs or chemical exposure, major blood loss, crush injury, severe burns, severe infections including kidney infections, renal artery or venous blockage, and diseases of other organs predominantly heart and liver diseases.
Maxillofacial and Plastic Reconstructive surgery
Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty concerned with the correction or restoration of form and function. The term "plastic" denotes sculpting and is derived from the Greek word plastikÄ“, meaning â€œthe art of modellingâ€ of malleable flesh. Though cosmetic or aesthetic surgery is the best-known kind of plastic surgery, it includes many types of Reconstructive surgery, Hand surgery, Microsurgery, Maxillofacial trauma surgery and the treatment of Burns. At Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital our team manages a variety of Hand problems, Trauma, Diabetic foot related problems in addition to Cosmetic & Reconstructive Surgery.