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Dental Sciences Frequently asked Questions
1. What is a Dental Implant?
A dental implant is a metallic device designed to replace missing teeth. The device is usually made out of titanium and is surgically placed into the jawbone where the tooth is missing. Unlike a dental bridge, an implant is permanent. A dental implant is designed to act as the tooth root and can anchor an artificial tooth or teeth such as a crown, bridge or denture.

2. Is dental implant procedure painful?
No. It is like any other minor surgical procedure done under local anaesthesia.

3. What are cosmetic dentistry procedures?
Cosmetic dentistry encompasses a wide range of treatment in creating a real makeover in your personality as well as emotional and physical wellbeing. They are:
Composite (tooth-colored) Fillings: composite fillings are now widely used instead of amalgam (silver) fillings to repair teeth with cavities, and also to replace old defective fillings. Tooth-colored fillings are also used to repair chipped, broken, or discolored teeth. This type of filling is also very useful to fill in gaps and to protect sensitive, exposed root surfaces caused by gum recession.
1. Porcelain Veneers: Veneers are thin custom-made, tooth-colored shells that are bonded onto the fronts of teeth to create a beautiful individual smile. They can help restore or camouflage damaged, discolored, poorly shaped, or misaligned teeth. Unlike crowns, veneers require minimal tooth structure to be removed from the surface of the tooth. 2. Porcelain Crowns (caps): A crown is a tooth-colored, custom-made covering that encases the entire tooth surface restoring it to its original shape and size. Crowns protect and strengthen teeth that cannot be restored with fillings or other types of restorations. They are ideal for teeth that have large, fractured or broken fillings and also for those that are badly decayed.
3. Dental Implants: Dental implants are artificial roots that are surgically placed into the jaw to replace one or more missing teeth. Porcelain crowns, bridges, and dentures can be made specifically to fit and attach to implants, giving a patient a strong, stable, and durable solution to removable dental appliances.
4. Orthodontics: Less visible and more effective brackets and wires are used for straightening of teeth in orthodontic practice, which are much more appealing to adult patients. Also, in some cases, teeth may be straightened with custom-made, clear, removable aligners that require no braces.
5. Teeth Whitening: Bleaching lightens teeth that have been stained or discolored by age, food, drink, and smoking. Teeth darkened as a result of injury or taking certain medications can also be bleached, but the effectiveness depends on the degree and type of staining present.

4. What is the best age for the orthodontic treatment?
If you want to improve the look and feel of your smile, then any age can be great age to see the orthodontist. Orthodontic treatment is not exclusive to children and teens. Any age is good to see the orthodontist

5. What are Braces?
Braces are used by your orthodontist to move teeth in appropriate correct position which in turn help you to improve the function, appearance and feel of your smile. There are different types of braces which include:
•  Metal brace
•  Ceramic braces
•  Self ligating braces
•  Lingual braces
•  Invisalign

6. How long do I have to wear Braces?
The amount of time one has to wear braces will vary depending on the individual patient case and complexity. Average Treatment time is 18 – 24 months.

7. Do Braces Hurt?
Braces do not often hurt though you may feel a small amount of discomfort for a couple days initially.

8. What is gum disease?
Gum disease or periodontal disease or gingivitis as it is also called is the number one cause of tooth loss today. The gum disease attacks the gums as well as the bone (which holds the teeth) resulting in bleeding gum, bad breath, and eventually loose teeth which finally fallout. Anyone at any age is susceptible to gum disease. Gum disease is caused by plaque and calculus. If the plaque is not removed on a daily basis by proper brushing it gradually become mineralized and form calculus. Calculus can only be removed or cleaned in the dental clinic.

9. What are signs and symptoms of Periodontal or Gum Disease:
•  Unnaturally Red and swollen gums.
•  Bleeding gums.
•  Persistent bad breath.
•  New spacing between teeth.
•  Loose teeth.
•  Pus around the teeth and gums. Sign that there is an infection present.
•  Receding gums. Loss of gum around a tooth.
•  Discomfort and pain in the teeth.
Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal or Gum disease.

10. When is root canal treatment required?
Root canal treatment is done mostly in cases where infection due to tooth decay or any other reason has reached dental pulp. Whenever exposure of pulp occurs whether due to trauma or decay, root canal treatment is required.

11. How many sittings are required for root canal treatment?
Root canal treatment can be done in single sitting or multiple sittings. Number of sittings required to perform the procedure depends on degree and amount of infection which is present and complexity of the root canal.

12. Do I have to visit my dentist again after getting root canal treatment done?
After cleaning, shaping and filling of canals, you have to visit your dentist to get dental crown. After root canal treatment, tooth becomes brittle and to provide strength to root canal treated tooth, dental crown is required. Dental crown will hide the discoloration which may occur after root canal treatment and will reinforce the weakened tooth structure

13. Can I go to work after root canal treatment?
Most of the patients can return to work after root canal treatment.

14. Why does root canal failure take place?
Root canal failure can occur because of unexpected number of root canals which if missed causes root canal failure. Resistant bacteria in root canals, defective or incomplete restorations, and cracked root can lead to failure of root canal treatment.