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Cardiac Sciences

1. How will I know if a person is getting a heart attack?
Heart attack symptoms vary from person to person. Not all heart attacks begin with the sudden, crushing chest pain. Heart attack symptoms may begin slowly, causing mild pain and discomfort. They can occur at rest or while you're active.






2.What are the symptoms and warnings signs for Heart Attack?
Some common heart attack symptoms and warning signs can include:
  • Chest discomfort that feels like pressure, fullness, or a squeezing pain in the center of your chest that lasts for more than a
    few minutes,or goes and comes back.
  • Pain and discomfort that extend beyond the chest to other parts of the upper body, such as one or both arms, back, neck,     stomach, teeth, and jaw.
  • Unexplained shortness of breath that can be accompanied with or without chest discomfort.
  • Some other symptoms may include breaking into a cold sweat, nausea or vomiting, lightheadedness, anxiety, indigestion,     and unexplained fatigue.
Though, chest pain and discomfort are the most common heart attack symptoms for both men and women, women are more likely to also experience other symptoms like shortness of breath, nausea and vomiting, unexplained extreme fatigue, and neck, shoulder, upper back, or abdominal pain.







3. What can I do to help a person before the doctor arrives?
If you or someone you are with experiences chest discomfort or other heart attack symptoms, call for a hospital ambulance right away and get ready to ship the person to the hospital. Do not wait more than 5 minutes to make the call. Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel from the hospital can begin treatment on the way as they are trained to revive a person if his heart stops.

Many people delay treatment because they doubt they really are having a heart attack. They don't want to bother or worry their friends and family. But it is always better to be safe than sorry.

Acting quickly in response to heart attack symptoms can save lives. Waiting longer than 1-2 hours for treatment can increase damage to the heart and reduce the chances of survival. About 50% of people who die from heart attacks do so within the first hour after heart attack symptoms.






4. What is Interventional cardiology?
Interventional cardiology deals with diseases such as angina and coronary heart disease by inserting catheters (tubes) into an artery. It's minimally invasive and is used for example, to open up arteries that have become blocked, causing a heart attack.






5. What is Electro Physiology (EP)?
EP is a test that looks at the electrical system of the heart. It shows arrhythmias (heart rhythm problems), if any and what is causing the problem.







6. What is Paediatric cardiology?
Paediatric cardiology is the treatment of patients of all ages with congenital heart disease, in addition to rare cardiac conditions that develop during childhood, and inherited or genetic heart disease. It covers a wide age range, from fetus stage to adults.







7. What is Cardiac surgery?
This speciality deals with all the open heart surgeries that are performed for different diseases like.
  • CABG-for coronary artery disease
  • Valve replacement-for valve problems
  • ASD/VSD/PDA surgical closure-for congenital heart diseases.






8. What is Cardiac Rehabilitation?
Cardiac rehabilitation (cardiac rehab) is a professionally supervised program to help people recover from heart attacks, heart surgery and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures such as stenting and angioplasty. Cardiac rehab programs usually provide education and counseling services to help heart patients increase physical fitness, reduce cardiac symptoms, improve health and reduce the risk of future heart problems, including heart attack.