Joint Care & Orthopedics Services
Arthroscopy (Key hole surgery) unit
With arthroscopic surgery, diagnosis and treatment can occur in a single procedure. Small holes are made and fine instruments are introduced into the damaged joint. One of these tools is a tiny camera that projects images of the joint through fiber optics onto a monitor. This allows the physician to manipulate other instruments to perform the surgery. There are many benefits to arthroscopic surgery over traditional (open) surgery, including, shorter recovery time, minimal scarring and less pain.
At Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital internationally trained arthroscopy surgeons provide arthroscopy services for knee, shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip and ankle joints. These include instability repair for shoulder dislocations, rotator cuff repair, sub-acromial decompressions, Acromio-clavicular joint stabilization, cruciate (ACL/PCL) ligament reconstructions, meniscus (shock absorber of the knee joint) repair/excision, patella (knee cap) stabilization , cartilage transfer and regen/serration, chondroplasty, mosaicplasty, arthroscopic assisted fracture fixations, synovectomy/bursectomy (removal of inflamed and damaged tissues) and more. Cartilage/ meniscal procedures in selected patients can avoid the need for a joint replacement.
Arthroscopic surgery has the advantage of avoiding damage to muscles (unlike open procedures) and provides earlier mobility. Most procedures are performed on an outpatient basis, and patients can be home within 24 hrs. Patients generally return to work and their regular daily activities earlier than with other techniques.
Sports injuries are caused by overuse, direct impact, or the application of force that is greater than the body part can structurally withstand. There are two kinds of sports injuries: acute and chronic. An injury that occurs suddenly, such as a sprained ankle caused by an awkward landing, is known as an acute injury. Chronic injuries are caused by repeated overuse of muscle groups or joints. Poor technique and structural abnormalities can also contribute to the development of chronic injuries. Medical investigation of any sports injury is important, because you may be hurt more severely than you think. For example, what seems like an ankle sprain may actually be fracture.
Our experts provide non-operative as well as operative solutions to patients with injuries due to sporting activities. We have dedicated clinics for sports injuries with facilities of gait analysis, foot pressure measurement and measurement of spine dynamics. We aim to get athletes back to competitive sports as early as possible.
Advanced injection techniques are offered in selected patients. This includes Platelet rich plasma (PRP) injection to aid tissue healing and decrease inflammation. In this technique, small amount of patients own blood is processed and healing factors are isolated. This is then injected in the damaged area as an OPD procedure.
Spine Trauma, Deformity Corrections & Advanced Spine Surgeries
Back and neck pain is assessed and investigated. The in house MRI scanner provides detailed images with reporting by expert radiologists. Treatment of prolapsed disc, spondylosis, nerve and spinal cord compression is done with medication, injections or minimally invasive surgery as appropriate.
Pediatric Orthopaedic Trauma & Deformity Surgeries
Traumatic and Non-traumatic disorders in children, birth deformities in newborns are managed with additional support from the Pediatric team. Bowlegs, knock knees and club feet are managed with expertise.
Carotid Endarterectomy & Carotid Stenting
Stroke is often caused by a blockage in the carotid arteries (which supply the brain). The risk of having a stroke can be decreased by either performing an open surgery or putting a stent in the carotid artery.
Complex problems are also managed like limb deficiencies; Developmental Dislocations of Hip, Perthes disease, SCFE; limb lengthening procedures; Spine deformities; neuromuscular diseases like Cerebral palsy
Hand and Upper Extremities
Hand problems like fractures, tendon injuries, nerve injuries, rheumatoid hand deformities etc. are managed by our hand specialists. Some of the specific conditions we treat are:.
• Tendon injuries
• Nerve and blood vessel lacerations
• Congenital (birth) deformities
• Workplace and overuse injuries
• Carpal tunnel syndrome
• Trigger finger
• Ganglion cysts
• De Quervain's syndrome
• Percutaneous (minimally invasive) fixation of hand and wrist fractures
• Arthroscopic stabilization for shoulder dislocations (recurrent)
• Arthroscopic treatment of Rotator cuff tears/ tendonitis/ bursitis
• Impingement syndrome
• Fractures, dislocations, subluxations
• Replacement/resurfacing/partial replacement
• Arthroscopic cartilage procedures to preserve damaged joint
• Arthroscopic treatment of damaged/inflamed joint
• Nerve compressions
• Tendon ruptures, fractures, dislocation
Foot & Ankle Surgery
Our team of experts provides services for traumatic and non-traumatic problems of Foot and Ankle
Adult Reconstructive & Joint Replacement
Joint replacement surgery involves replacing a destroyed joint with an artificial joint. In knee or hip replacement surgery, the artificial joint is made out of special alloys (Titanium/Cobalt chrome), ceramic or ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE). The choice of implant is made according to the bone structure of an individual. In the case of joint replacement in the hand, the new joint is most commonly composed of silicone or the patient's own tissues such as a portion of tendon. At Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital, we offer partial replacements and resurfacing to suitable patients with the help of high quality implants of international standard which have been tried and tested worldwide.
A condition of fragile bone with an increased susceptibility to fracture that weakens bone and increases risk of bones breaking. Key risk factors for osteoporosis include genetics, lack of exercise, lack of calcium and Vitamin D, personal history of fracture as an adult, cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, history of rheumatoid arthritis, low body weight, and family history of osteoporosis.
The diagnosis of osteoporosis can be suggested by X-rays and confirmed by tests to measure bone density, while the treatments for osteoporosis, in addition to prescription osteoporosis medications, include stopping use of alcohol and cigarettes, and assuring adequate exercise, calcium, and vitamin D.