Epilepsy : Epilepsy is a group of neurological disorders characterized by epileptic fits. Epileptic seizures are episodes that can vary from brief and nearly undetectable periods to long periods of vigorous shaking. In epilepsy, seizures tend to recur and, as a rule, have no immediate underlying cause. Isolated seizures that are provoked by a specific cause such as poisoning are not deemed to represent epilepsy.
Signs and symptoms:
1] Seizures: The most common type (60%) of seizures are convulsive. Of these, one-third begins as generalized seizures from the start, affecting both hemispheres of the brain. Two-thirds begin as focal seizures (which affect one hemisphere of the brain) which may then progress to generalized seizures. The remaining 40% of seizures are non-convulsive. An example of this type is the absence seizure, which presents as a decreased level of consciousness and usually lasts about 10 seconds.
2] Post-ictal: After the active portion of a seizure (the ictal state) there is typically a period of recovery during which there is confusion, referred to as the postictal period before a normal level of consciousness returns. It usually lasts 3 to 15 minutes but may last for hours.
3] Psychosocial: Epilepsy can have adverse effects on social and psychological well-being. These effects may include social isolation, stigmatization, or disability. They may result in lower educational achievement and worse employment outcomes.
Services available at Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital.
Neurological examination and neurophysiological tests like EEG, Video EEG and Neuroimaging are done for the assessment of the patient. Our hospital also provides wide range of laboratory and radiology investigations to assist in the correct diagnosis.
We also run a specialized clinic for epilepsy to provide comprehensive care to patients with medical surgical as well as rehabilitation services to patient.
Anticonvulsant therapy is used for the management of the patients of epilepsy. The choice of drug is decided depending on the clinical needs of the patient.
Epilepsy surgery is also offered to patients who are refractory to medical therapy. Minimally invasive and Endoscopic surgeries are performed in the hospital.