Movement Disorders: Movement disorders are clinical syndromes with either an excess of movement or a paucity of voluntary and involuntary movements, unrelated to weakness or spasticity. Movement disorders are synonymous with area of brain called basal ganglia or extra pyramidal diseases. Movement disorders are conventionally divided into two major categories- hyperkinetic and hypokinetic.
Hyperkinetic movement disorders refer to dyskinesia, or excessive, often repetitive, involuntary movements that intrude upon the normal flow of motor activity.
Hypokinetic movement disorders refer to akinesia (lack of movement), hypokinesia (reduced amplitude of movements), bradykinesia (slow movement) and rigidity. In primary movement disorders, the abnormal movement is the primary manifestation of the disorder. In secondary movement disorders, the abnormal movement is a manifestation of another systemic or neurological disorder.
Ataxia, Dystonia, Essential tremor, Huntington’s disease, Multiple system atrophy, Parkinson’s disease, Progressive supranuclear palsy, Restless legs syndrome, Tardive dyskinesia, Tourette syndrome, Wilson’s disease are some of the examples of common movement disorder.
Services available at Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital
Management for movement disorders will depend on the underlying cause for the condition. Our hospital provides wide range of laboratory and radiology investigations to assist in the correct diagnosis.
We also run a specialized clinic for movement disorder to provide comprehensive care to patients with medical surgical as well as rehabilitation services to patient.
Some of the modalities used in management of movement disorders are as follows.
- Botox Therapy (Botulinum Toxin Injection)
- Intrathecal Baclofen Therapy (Baclofen Pump)
- Deep Brain Stimulation
- Spinal Cord Stimulation.