Speech Disorder: Speech disorders affect a person’s ability to form the sounds that allow them to communicate with other people. They are not the same as language disorders. Speech disorders prevent people from forming correct speech sounds, while language disorders affect a person’s ability to learn words or understand what others say to them.
Some types of speech disorder include stuttering, apraxia, and dysarthria.
Stuttering refers to a speech disorder that interrupts the flow of speech. People who stutter can experience the following types of disruption: Repetitions occur when people involuntarily repeat sounds, vowels, or words. Blocks happen when people know what they want to say but have difficulty making the necessary speech sounds. Blocks may cause someone to feel as though their words are stuck. Prolongations refer to the stretching or drawing out of particular sounds or words.
Apraxia is a general term referring to brain damage that impairs a person’s motor skills, and it can affect any part of the body. Apraxia of speech, or verbal apraxia, refers specifically to the impairment of motor skills that affect an individual’s ability to form the sounds of speech correctly, even when they know which words they want to say.
Dysarthria occurs when damage to the brain causes muscle weakness in a person’s face, lips, tongue, throat, or chest. Muscle weakness in these parts of the body can make speaking very difficult.
Services available at Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital
Neurological evaluation and neuropsychological assessment of patients is done. Speech therapy is provided to the patients with speech disorders.