Reconstructive plastic surgery is usually performed to improve function, but it may also be done to approximate a normal appearance. Reconstructive plastic surgery involves:
Rejoinning what is seperated:
• by nature: Clefts of lip & Palate & other deformities prevalent at the time of birth (Congenital)
• by trauma: Replantation (re-attachment) of severed body parts (legs, hands, fingers, scalp etc.)
Reconstructing what is Lost:
• Following tissue removal for various cancers
• Following accidents
• Following Burns
Microsurgery: Plastic surgeons use state of the art technique of microsurgery to transfer tissue for coverage of a defect when no local tissue is available. Free flaps of skin, muscle, bone, fat or a combination may be removed from the body with its blood vessels or moved to another site on the body and reconnected to a blood supply by suturing arteries and veins as small as 1 to 2 millimeters in diameter. In addition plastic surgery involves other subspecialities such as:
Burns: Acute burn surgery is the treatment immediately after sustaining burns. Reconstructive burn surgery takes place after the burn wounds have healed.
Craniofacial surgery & maxillofacial trauma surgery: In children it involves treatment of congenital anomalies of the craniofacial skeleton and soft tissues such as cleft lip and palate, craniosynostosis, and pediatric fractures. In Adults craniofacial surgery deals mostly with facial fractures (maxilla, mandible, nose, orbits, zygoma) following accidents/fall and secondary surgeries (such as orbital reconstruction) along with orthognathic surgery.
Hand surgery is concerned with acute injuries and chronic diseases of the hand and wrist, correction of congenital malformations of the upper extremities and peripheral nerve problems (such as brachial plexus injuries or carpal tunnel syndrome). Plastic surgeons know the minute structural (Anatomical) details in hand and can deal with the soft tissues as well as bones of the hand in a more REFINED manner than others do; thus providing a complete one stop solution for all hand related problems.
Paediatric Plastic Surgery: it involves management of variety of developmental defects in children such as: Clefts of lip & Palate, Deformities of hands & fingers, congenital ear anomalies, facial lacerations and animal/dog bites in children.
• Liposuction: suctioning of fat from targeted areas for body contouring
• Abdominoplasty (tummy tuck): reshaping of the abdomen (especially in females)
• Blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery): rejuvenating the eyelids
• Mammoplasty (Breast augmentations): augmentation of the breasts by means of fat grafting, saline, or silicone gel prosthetics
• Reduction mammoplasty: breast reduction
• Mastopexy (breast lift): lifting or reshaping of breasts to make them less saggy
• Buttock augmentation (butt implant): enhancement of the buttocks using silicone implants or fat grafting
• Rhinoplasty (nose job): reshaping of the nose
• Otoplasty (ear surgery/ear pinning): reshaping of the ear, most often done by pinning the protruding ear closer to the head
• Auroplasty: Surgical correction of torn/split ear lobes
• Rhytidectomy (face lift): removal of wrin kles and signs of aging from the face
• Browplasty (brow lift or forehead lift): elevates eyebrows, smoothens forehead skin
• Orthognathic Surgery: manipulation of the facial bones through controlled fracturing
• Brachioplasty (Arm lift): reducing excess skin and fat between the underarm and the elbow
• Hair Transplantation
Other Basis Procedures
• Dimple creation
• Depressed acne scars
• Facial rejuvenation
• Botox and fillers
• Chemical peels/ rollers
• Fat grafting.
• Treatment for moles/wart/birth marks
• Hypertrophic scars and keloids
• Moles,wart and Birth marks.
• Skin swellings like Lipoma/sebaceous cyst/ganglion)
• Scar revision and therapy.
• Nail deformities (ingrowing toe nail).
• Ear lobule repair.