Bone densitometry is a test like an X-ray that measures the density of the bone. It is generally used to detect osteoporosis and osteopenia the conditions in which the bone density is lowered which increases the risk for fractures of the bones. Information about pregnancy or possible pregnancy should be informed to the radiologist before undergoing the bone densitometry test.
No change in the daily routine of the patient is required before the test. You can drink and eat as per your daily routine and also take the medications you are on. However calcium supplements or medications that contain calcium need to be stopped before the test as it may interfere with the test results. Also inform your radiologist if you have recently had barium exam or any contrast material injected in your body for CT scan or nuclear medicine test. Contrast materials may interfere with the results of the bone densitometry test.
Bone densitometry is of two types: central and peripheral. In central bone densitometry the test is done on a central device in which you will be asked to lie down on a padded platform and a mechanical arm of the bone densitometry machine moves over your body. The amount of radiation you are exposed is much less than an x ray. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scans of the spine hips and pelvis is done in central bone densitometry. Peripheral bone densitometry is done on limbs. Bone densitometry is assessed at the joints and the shafts of the limbs.
For any further information on Bone densitometry examination or appointment at Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital (ABMH), please call us at +91-20-30717677.