X-rays are a type of ionizing electromagnetic waves with high energy. X-ray imaging is used to capture images from the inside of your body. Different tissues absorb different amounts of X ray radiation which helps in X-ray imaging in which the images show the parts of your body in different shades of black and white. Higher the absorption of X rays, more white the tissue appears on the image. Calcium in bones absorbs x-rays the most, so bones look white. Fat and other soft tissues absorb less, and look gray. Air absorbs the least, so lungs look black.
The most familiar use of x-rays is checking for broken bones or any anomaly in the skeletal structure, but x-rays are also used in other ways. For example, chest x-rays can spot pneumonia, lung tumor, TB infection etc.
We follow the ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) principle while carrying out x-ray procedures to ensure minimum required exposure of patients to the radiations. Patient may be requested to change their clothing before the procedure. Any jewelry or metal may appear as an artifact in the X ray image and thus should be removed and handed over to patient attendant before the procedure. Information about pregnancy or possible pregnancy should be informed to the radiologist before undergoing the X-ray test.
For any further information on X-ray examination or appointment at Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital (ABMH), please call us at +91-20-30717686.