A mammogram is a type of x-ray imaging of the breast. It is used for early detection of breast cancer in women who have not developed any signs of breast cancer. It is also done in patients with symptoms of breast cancer like lump in breast.
Screening mammography is performed to screen patients who are high risk for developing breast cancer, having family history of breast cancer. It is also generally done on outpatient basis and no special preparation is required before mammography. We follow the ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) principle while carrying out mammography procedures to ensure minimum required exposure of patients to the radiations. Information about pregnancy or possible pregnancy should be informed to the radiologist before undergoing the mammography test.
During mammography, a specially qualified radiology technologist will position your breast in the mammography unit. Your breast will be placed on a platform and breast tissue is compressed using paddles gradually to help in mammography imaging.
Breast compression is necessary in order to:
- Even out the breast thickness so that all of the tissue can be visualized.
- Spread out the tissue so that small abnormalities are less likely to be hidden by overlying breast tissue.
- Allow the use of a lower x-ray dose since a thinner amount of breast tissue is being imaged.
- Hold the breast still in order to minimize blurring of the image caused by motion.
- Reduce x-ray scatter to increase sharpness of picture.
At the radiology department, you may be asked to wear a patient gown and asked to remove neck jewelry and clothing from the waist up during the procedure. You should avoid using deodorants, antiperspirants, powder, creams etc in your underarms and on your breasts as the metallic particles in these could be visible in the mammogram and creates confusion while interpreting the results.
For any further information on Mammography examination or appointment at Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital (ABMH), please call us at +91-20-30717686.